About the four humours and temperaments, and what we can conjecture from them

One of the most interesting chapters in astrology is the assessment of temperament. Unfortunately there are no so many original texts at disposal of students of our Art, so I decided to translate – I don’t know for the rest, maybe in the future-  some pages from “La fisonomia dell’homo e la celeste”, The physiognomy of the man, and the celestial one”, published in Naples in 1610 by Giovanbattista Della Porta , one of the most important Italian thinkers of Renaissance and a member of the first Accademia dei Lincei .
I also added  some case study chosen by me, one for temperament-  of  natives that for chart and temperament and life can be a good example of what we were talking about.

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In the city of simple herbs, with Hildegard and Avicenna

In Medieval Latin the word “medicamentum simplex” was a single herb used as a medicament while several herbs used together were called a “medicamentum compositum. “

From this  Medieval abbeys gardens and later universities gardens where herbs were cultivated for study and medical use were called “Hortus Simplicium“, gardens of simple (medicaments).

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Humors and love: amor hereos

Love illness is currently understood like a venereal disease, but this is not its traditional meaning, which is was on the other hand well known from Galen to Renaissance and more, till the theory of four humors was rejected, and it was called amor hereos.

Amor hereos or love sickness is the idea that one cannot live without the Beloved one, and this leads him/her to consumption, folly and eventually death.

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About perfumes, herbs, temperaments

A while ago I had the opportunity of visiting in Rome a true  factory of perfumes of antiquity with its products: the factory of Pyrgos in the southern part of the island of Cyprus.

The myth tells us about Venus, the goddess of beauty and love: when she arose from the foam of the sea, the Graces- who were addicted to the care of her beauty – picked plants and flowers from the island of Cyprus in order to create her inimitable perfume.

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